Subsequent Greek historians—such as CtesiasDiodorusStraboPolybius and Plutarch —held up Thucydides's writings as a model of truthful history. One could surmise Thucydides was reporting the way life is, while Plato was analyzing and communicating the way things ought to be.
He goes on to say that goods of the soul virtues are the most important because with them, a person can gain material wealth and pleasure.
It is the Thucydidean revelation of reality that cannot be accepted by the Platonist because it is a reality without the underlying ideals.
In short, each gave an opinion on how to garner the Good Life. Whereas Wittgenstein passionately believes that all that really matters in human life is precisely what, in his view, we must be silent about. Thucydides is really taken as a cure for Platonism, rather than merely an alternative to it.
Does justice fluctuate between times of war and peace? Crito visits Socrates in jail and tries to get him to evade death by leaving Athens. The History of the Peloponnesian War continued to be modified well beyond the end of the war inas exemplified by a reference at Book I.
In conflict, acting from a position of strength may be the best route leading to the Good Life. Is it descriptive, or perhaps prescriptive? A virtual cult following developed among such German philosophers as Friedrich SchellingFriedrich Schlegeland Friedrich Nietzschewho claimed that, "[in Thucydides], the portrayer of Man, that culture of the most impartial knowledge of the world finds its last glorious flower.
But how would Biblical disciples view the same situation? How, though, does this very truncated look at how the Bible tends to view science, technology, and business compare with Utilitarian ethics which emerged in the late eighteenth-century world?
Having that awesome understanding he will project true virtue, and therefore "has a chance of becoming loved by the gods, and immortal". However, the Melians think they may be able to avoid war with the Athenian army since Melos is affiliated with Sparta via heritage and has been neutral in the confrontation between Athens and Sparta.
Athenian leaders have dispatched representatives to speak with the leaders of Melos, but by now Athenians are determined to take over the small island at all costs. Aristotle defines happiness and therefore the good life as "the realization and perfect exercise of excellence.
What Thucydides actually says is different from what Shanske has interpreted him as saying: There are also other reasons, which are nearly conclusive, to believe that Nietzsche himself did not maintain such a distinction.
In penning a series of important dialogues, Plato, student of Socrates and mentor to Aristotle, used normative theory via the Socratic Method—which involved questions, logical conversations, and conclusions by and between his central character, Socrates, and other players—to promote philosophy, self-sacrifice, and moderation as just and right methods to achieve the Good Life.
In Crito, Plato, utilizes discourse between Socrates and the title character to prescribe justice over self-interest. Life[ edit ] In spite of his stature as a historian, modern historians know relatively little about Thucydides's life.
A clear example exists when he recalls interaction between Athens and Melos in the Melian Dialogues.
In Crito, Plato, utilizes discourse between Socrates and the title character to prescribe justice over self-interest. God and Human Nature. Like his predecessor Herodotusknown as "the father of history", Thucydides places a high value on eyewitness testimony and writes about events in which he probably took part.
The first is spoken by Nicias: Yet this juxtaposition — of the Melian dialogues and the debate between Alcibiades and Nicias — appears to indicate that this is not the case. Their own disavowal of epiekeia, in turn, may shed some light on the reasoning behind the arguments of Cleon and Diodotus on the matter: In this sense, Alcibiades is Athens writ small.
Despite the tragic deaths in Coventry, many more lives were probably saved by keeping an important secret. For Thucydides, in contrast, there is no world beyond that of the polis. But how would Biblical disciples view the same situation?
Although he apparently did not belong to the extreme wing of the Athenian oligarchic clubs who conspired throughout the war with the enemy, he was certainly a member of the oligarchic party, and a friend neither of the Athenian people, the demos, who had exiled him, nor of its imperialist policy.
Ideas included in Utilitarian supposition, inferring that which causes pleasure is beneficial, while that which results in pain is not, fit well with the modernization occurring in the western world at the same time. Thucydides then remarks that should another Dorian War come, this time attended with a great dearth, the rhyme will be remembered as "dearth", and any mention of "death" forgotten.
But it was part of the method of both alike to eliminate conventional sentiment and morality. The people, then, are right in fearing that he might become a tyrant. Athenians, I have a better right to command than others—I must begin with this as Nicias has attacked me—and at the same time I believe myself to be worth of it.
Conventional moral considerations play no role in his analysis of political events while geographic and ethnographic aspects are omitted or, at best, of secondary importance. Thucydides, one of the earliest true historians, chronicled the Peloponnesian War.
Each discipline corresponds to a single individual, and to a single overriding epistemological principle.Thucydides vs Plato words 9 pages. Show More Thucydide vs Plato on The Good Life words | 8 pages Thucydides Versus Plato: Differing Views of the Good Life What is the true nature of the Good Life?
Is it living life with concern for only oneself despite the possible consequences of.
Thucydides vs Plato Essay Plato views the good life as the condition a person exhibits total virtue. Virtue tends to come from the absence of desires, or expectations, so true happiness means being pleased to the point one doesn’t have desires.
He’s convinced that everyone has the power to. Write a word paper about Thucydides versus Plato on the nature of the Good Life. Some have claimed that Thucydides is making empirical claims, whereas Plato is making normative claims. Thucydide Vs Plato On The Good Life. Filed Under: Term Papers Tagged With: Philosophy, plato.
The Essay on Athenians And Spartans War Fighting Years lacked which would not let the wars end. For example the Athenians lived on ground that wasn't trading more than the Spartans.
This allowed the Athenians to gain allies and to create a. Paper about Thucydides versus Plato on the nature of the Good Life 1: Thucydides versus Plato on the nature of the Good Life.
Some have claimed that Thucydides is making empirical claims, whereas Plato is making normative claims. It is a recurrent trope in writing about Thucydides to place him in opposition to Plato.
I would like to consider some of the ramifications that this opposition may have for our understanding of Thucydides, and to evaluate its limitations.Download