During reproduction of the behavior, a person receives feedback from others and can adjust their representation for future references. Outcome expectancies[ edit ] To learn a particular behavior, people must understand what the potential outcome is if they repeat that behavior. The three factors environment, Cognitive theory in health and social care and behavior are constantly influencing each other.
For example, offensive jokes in the workplace may be handled by showing no reaction; after several such experiences, the joke teller, who more than likely wants attention—and negative attention is preferable to no attention—may curtail his or her use of offensive humor.
Health Cognitive theory in health and social care and Health Education. Yet striving for a match in styles is not always necessary or desirable. Finally, ideas for other theoretical areas such as psychology are welcome to provide new insights and understanding.
Regulating and monitoring individual behavior. Suppose, for example, a nursing student is continually late for class and noisily disrupts the class when she finally arrives, annoying both other students and the instructor.
For example, it is not until the adult years that people become better able to deal with contradictions, synthesize information, and more effectively integrate what they have learned—characteristics that differentiate adult thought from adolescent thinking Kramer, A new program in the 11th grade was started in which reduced access to alcohol and the change of community norms to alcohol use for high-school age students were key elements.
The instructor might tell the student that if she is late, she must come in the back door and sit in back of the class, making sure not to disturb anyone removal of the positive reinforcer of attention. Whether used singly or in combination, learning theories have much to offer the practice of health care.
Systematic desensitization is a technique based on respondent conditioning that is used by psychologists to reduce fear and anxiety in their clients Wolpe, People are affected not only by direct experience but also indirect events.
Mental rehearsal, immediate enactment, and corrective feedback strengthen the reproduction of behavior. Also, educators must keep in mind that anxiety, the demands of adult life, and childhood experiences may interfere with learning in adulthood.
Is the learner viewed as relatively passive or more active? Theory, Research and Practice. Human agency has four core properties: Personal regulation of goal-directed behavior or performance; Provide opportunities for self-monitoring, goal setting, problem solving, and self-reward Observational learning: There are social and physical environments.
Each time the student is late, the instructor will make note in her grade book negative reinforcer of not doing well in the course. Often without thinking or reflection, patients and visitors formulate these associations as a result of their hospital experiences, providing the basis for long-lasting attitudes toward medicine, healthcare facilities, and health professionals.
Overview[ edit ] Social cognitive theory is a learning theory based on the idea that people learn by observing others. Social Learning and Personality Development. Physical environment is the size of a room, the ambient temperature or the availability of certain foods.
Skinner maintained that the simplest way to extinguish a response is not to provide any kind of reinforcement for some action. As an illustration, for geriatric patients who appear lethargic and unresponsive, nurses might begin by rewarding small gestures such as eye contact or a hand that reaches out, and then build on these friendly behaviors toward greater human contact and connection with reality.
Although some highly impressive role models work in this field, geriatric health care is often accorded lower status with less pay in comparison to other specialty areas. For example, learning how to take a blood pressure is a complex task.
Behaviorist theory continues to be considered useful in nursing practice for the delivery of health care. Bandura, along with his students and colleagues conducted a series of studies, known as the Bobo doll experimentin and to find out why and when children display aggressive behaviors.
SCT provides a framework for designing, implementing and evaluating programs. In this book, Bandura argued that human behavior is caused by personal, behavioral, and environmental influences.
Assigning a value to the outcomes of behavior change. In relation to exercise science, self-efficacy has produced some of the most consistent results revealing an increase in participation in exercise.
The dynamic interaction of the person, the behavior, and the environment in which the behavior is performed; consider multiple avenues to behavioral change, including environmental, skill, and personal change.Social cognitive theory is a learning theory based on the idea that people learn by observing others.
These learned behaviors can be central to one's personality. While social psychologists agree that the environment one grows up in contributes to behavior, the individual person (and therefore cognition) is just as important. Social cognitive theory in its totality specifies factors governing the acquisition of competencies that can profoundly affect physical and emotional well-being as well as the self-regulation of health habits.
Social learning theory combines cognitive learning theory (which posits that learning is influenced by psychological factors) and behavioral learning theory (which assumes that learning is based.
Social cognitive theory in its totality specifies factors governing the acquisition of competencies that can profoundly affect physical and emotional well-being as well as the self-regulation of health habits. health and social care. practices which are; Culture, disability, Age, Social class, Gender, Sexuality, Health status, Family status and Cognitive disability.
Although within health and social care discrimination practice against the care values, unfortunately discrimination still goes on in the health and social care setting. Culture Culture is very important to people because it helps them.
Cognitive learning theory includes several wellknown perspectives, such as gestalt, information processing, human development, social constructivism, and social cognition theory.
More recently, attempts have been made to incorporate considerations related to emotions within cognitive theory.Download