In general, the French administrative system was more centralized, bureaucratic, and interventionist than the British system of colonial rule. This led to convening of the famous Berlin Conference in the late 19th century by the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck. Industrialization in Europe was accompanied by various problems that included unemployment, poverty, internally displaced persons from rural areas, and homelessness among others Kemp, The differential interpretation of these treaties by the contending forces often led to conflict between both parties and eventually to military encounters.
The land that the natives lost was expressed in an African proverb: Many natives became Christian, helping spread Christianity.
This situation was compounded by commercial conflicts between Europeans and Africans. Laws and policies on taxation, public works, forced labor, mining, agricultural production, and other matters were made in London or in the colonial capital and then passed down to the lower administrative levels for enforcement.
They also created federations in West Africa and Central Africa. The land that the natives lost was expressed in an African proverb: Their colonial ideology explicitly claimed that they were on a "civilizing mission" to lift the benighted "natives" out of backwardness to the new status of civilized French Africans.
After the Berlin conference, there was signing of several treaties between the African leaders and the European countries. The British colonizers, unfamiliar with these novel and unique political systems and insisting that African "natives" must have chiefs, often appointed licensed leaders called warrant chiefs, as in Igboland, for example.
By colonizing sections of Africa, the Europeans were met with many benefits. Partly as a result of their origins in military conquest and partly because of the racist ideology of the imperialist enterprise, the colonial states were authoritarian, bureaucratic systems.
After discovering that they had in effect been defrauded and that the European powers now wanted to impose and exercise political authority in their lands, African rulers organized militarily to resist the seizure of their lands and the imposition of colonial domination.
Despite attempts to portray the use of indirect rule as an expression of British administrative genius, it was nothing of the sort. The colonies were also subdivided into smaller administrative units as follows: Even though the British imperialists swept through Igboland in three years, between andand despite the small scale of the societies, the Igbo put up protracted resistance.
Iweriebor — Hunter College Between the s andAfrica faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. African forces in general fought with bows, arrows, spears, swords, old rifles, and cavalries; the European forces, beneficiaries of the technical fruits of the Industrial Revolution, fought with more deadly firearms, machines guns, new rifles, and artillery guns.
Thus it was the interplay of these economic, political, and social factors and forces that led to the scramble for Africa and the frenzied attempts by European commercial, military, and political agents to declare and establish a stake in different parts of the continent through inter-imperialist commercial competition, the declaration of exclusive claims to particular territories for trade, the imposition of tariffs against other European traders, and claims to exclusive control of waterways and commercial routes in different parts of Africa.
He also established engineering workshops where weapons were repaired and parts were fabricated. He made some local laws and policies, however. However, after the slave trade in early s, there was lively trade between Europeans and African regions such Ethiopia and Sokoto Caliphate in western Africa and Egypt where manufactured goods were exchanged with gold, palm oil, and ivory among others.
Consequently, African societies were in a state of flux, and many were organizationally weak and politically unstable. The theory and practice of indirect rule is commonly associated with Lord Lugard, who was first the British high commissioner for northern Nigeria and later governor-general of Nigeria.
During and after the Berlin Conference various European countries sent out agents to sign so-called treaties of protection with the leaders of African societies, states, kingdoms, decentralized societies, and empires. Even though the British imperialists swept through Igboland in three years, between andand despite the small scale of the societies, the Igbo put up protracted resistance.
Because they were imposed and maintained by force, without the consent of the governed, the colonial states never had the effective legitimacy of normal governments.
In general, small-scale societies, the decentralized societies erroneously known as "stateless" societiesused guerrilla warfare because of their size and the absence of standing or professional armies.
More essays like this: The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. Long after the British formally colonized Igboland, they had not fully mastered the territory.
Thus the primary motivation for European intrusion was economic. One way to demonstrate national preeminence was through the acquisition of territories around the world, including Africa. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution.
During this sixteen-year period, he used a variety of strategies, including guerrilla warfare, scorched-earth programs, and direct military engagement. Also, the colonizers opened areas for more workers.
Thus in direct encounters European forces often won the day.European Imperialism in Africa Essay Words | 6 Pages. ’s, was starting for a land grab in the African continent. Aroundmost of Africa was unexplored, but bymost of Africa, with the lucky exception of Liberia and Ethiopia, was carved up between European powers.
The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa Essay. the extent to which a need for expansion took hold of Europe is the Scramble for Africa -- an event that can.
The Colonization of Africa Ehiedu E. G. Iweriebor – Hunter College. Between the s andAfrica faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. European Imperialism in Africa Essay Sample.
Imperialism has been around for many years. Throughout history, countries have extended their rule and government to. Apr 16, · Imperialism Essay Imperialism: Empire of Japan and Nineteenth Century. One of the most colonized countries was in Africa during the age of European imperialism.
The Europeans had the advantage of being industrialized resulting in Africa becoming colonized by Europe. European countries set up colonies all over Africa, Latin America, and Asia, and encouraged their citizens to populate them.
European imperialism boosted Europe’s economy, and made them a world power.Download